African Clawed Frog

African Clawed Frog Classification and Evolution

The African Clawed Frog is a large species of flat Frogs. This is more often than not observed, residing at the lowest of lakes and rivers. The African Clawed Frog is likewise known as the Platanna and has several very particular features that suggest it’s miles in particular tailored to its habitat. The African Clawed Frog is thought to have originated in South Africa and is today located obviously throughout the African continent. The African Clawed Frog has also been brought to the Americas and components of Europe.

African Clawed Frog Anatomy and Appearance

African Clawed Frog

The typical adult African Clawed Frog grows to approximately 12 cm in the period and weighs around 200g. The African Clawed Frog is often a greenish, grey color even though different colorings of the African Clawed Frog are not unusual (which includes albino). The color of the African Clawed Frog’s pores and skin, in conjunction with its mottled sample, offers it more camouflage from hungry predators. They have a line of sew-marks along either facet in their bodies, which act as feel organs to come across prey within the surrounding water. Their eyes and nostril are placed on the pinnacle of the top, allowing them to see and breathe but without being too visible.

African Clawed Frog Distribution and Habitat

The African Clawed Frog is most commonly discovered in eastern and southern Africa, along the African Rift Valley, wherein they decide on stagnant waters to fast-flowing streams. African Clawed Frogs are backside-residing animals and could best go away the protection of the water if they’re pressured to migrate. They inhabit warm shallow creeks and rivers for the duration of the summertime and circulate into the flooded forests at some point in the rainy season. Due to the advent of using Humans, the African Clawed Frog can now be located in numerous freshwater habitats outdoor of Africa in which they may be an invasive species.

African Clawed Frog Behaviour and Lifestyle

The African Clawed Frog spends its whole lifestyles in water, except for poking its head up to the floor now and again to respire. The African Clawed Frog can swim at great speeds sideways, backward, forward, up and down, and in all other instructions. It is a ferocious predator, and as soon as food has been noticed, the African Clawed Frog then catches its prey the use of its claws, which shovel it into the African Clawed Frog’s mouth. The African Clawed Frog has evolved very efficaciously as a bottom-living animal, because of this that it has extra protection from predators and a better choice of meals.

African Clawed Frog Reproduction and Life Cycles

Female African Clawed Frogs are regularly almost double the scale of the adult males and are capable of reproduce extra than as soon as a year. After mating, the lady African Clawed Frog can lay lots of eggs at a time on an underwater object, which are held collectively inside the water by way of a jelly-like substance. After hatching, the African Clawed Frog tadpoles begin their life within the water till they grow legs and can mission out onto the river banks if want be. The African Clawed Frog is understood to have a long lifespan for small aquatic animals and might live to around five to 15 years within the wild. Some adult African Clawed Frogs were recorded to live to almost 30 years old in captivity.

African Clawed Frog Diet and Prey

The African Clawed Frog is a carnivorous animal and an apex predator within its underwater surroundings. The African Clawed Frog’s first meals are Water Bugs and small Fish, but the African Clawed Frog is also regarded to devour its very own skin every time it’s far shed. African Clawed Frogs additionally hunt other small invertebrates, which includes Insects, Spiders, and Worms, which it scoops into its mouth the usage of its clawed front feet. African Clawed Frogs in captivity have a far much less various eating regimen, which in most cases includes Worms.

African Clawed Frog Predators and Threats

Due to its small size, the African Clawed Frog has some natural predators within its native environment that arise each inside and out of the water. Small mammals along with Rodents, Cats and Dogs, and several Birds and Reptiles, all prey on the African Clawed Frog, but herons are their most, not great danger. By residing on the muddy bottoms of lakes and rivers, the African Clawed Frog can continue to be adequately hidden for a lot of the time, and simplest, its eyes and nose seem above the water-line while it surfaces. Although no longer as inclined as many other amphibians, the African Clawed Frog is also being threatened with the aid of water pollution.

African Clawed Frog Interesting Facts and Features

The African Clawed Frog is known as for their unique feet, as their hind ft are webbed, but their front legs have clawed feet as an alternative, which can be used to assist shovel food into their mouths. In the 1940s, the African Clawed Frog became the sector’s first pregnancy test for Humans, which, although barbaric, has brought about them being determined global these days. The African Clawed Frog has also been a popular take a look at concern for scientific research for trendy. They are recognized to be especially aggressive animals and, in particular wild amphibians.

African Clawed Frog Relationship with Humans

Over the years, Humans have controlled to locate several makes use of for the African Clawed Frog in our day after day lives. The maximum excellent (and likely cruelest) of those practices turned into using the African Clawed Frog ladies as a kind of pregnancy test. The hormone produced with the aid of Human babies (handed on via the mother’s urine) called HCG induces ovulation in the woman African Clawed Frog. Humans also use them in laboratories global for studies and coaching. Habitat loss and water pollution due to people close by is likewise having a drastic impact on African Clawed Frog populations.

African Clawed Frog Conservation Status and Life Today

Although the African Clawed Frog has been classified as being at Least Concern from inevitable extinction, populace numbers have fallen in certain regions because of deteriorating water pleasant. Elsewhere, African Clawed Frog populations around the arena have often come to be non-local pests to the local flora and wildlife.

African Clawed Frog Facts

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Pipidae
Genus: Xenopus
Scientific Name: Xenopus laevis
Common Name: African Clawed Frog
Other Name(s): Platanna
Group: Amphibian
Number Of Species: 1
Location: eastern and southern Africa
Habitat: Warm stagnant water with grassland
Colour: Brown, Grey, Albino
Skin Type: Permeable Scales
Size (L): 2.5cm – 12cm (1in – 5in)
Weight: 25g – 220g (1oz – 8oz)
Top Speed: 8km/h (5mph)
Diet: Carnivore
Prey: Small Fish, Insects, Spiders
Predators: Snakes, Birds, Small Mammals
Lifestyle: Nocturnal
Group Behaviour: Solitary
Water Type: Fresh
Lifespan: 8 – 15 years
Age Of Sexual Maturity: 10 – 12 months
Incubation Period: 4 – 5 days
Average Spawn Size: 2,000
Name Of Young: Tadpole
Age Of Independence: 5 days
Conservation Status: Least Concern
Estimated Population Size: Abundant
Biggest Threat: Water pollution
Most Distinctive Feature: Clawed front toes
Fun Fact: A particularly ferocious amphibian!